Life cycle

Equipment Life Cycle.


An equipment life cycle are every medical devices entire life-span from its manufacture, purchase and planning, installation and acceptance inspection, to its every day use, as well as daily maintenance, to its final turn in disposal and retirement. Like a human being, a medical device also has a life-cycle. From birth to death, human beings pass through various stages (e.g. birth, growth, maturity, decline and eventually death). All medical equipment devices life cycle goes through multiple phases (ie. “Cradle-to-grave”) too. [1]

There are stages in the life cycle management of medical equipment such as:

  • Planning
  • Acquisition
  • Delivery
  • Acceptance inspection
  • Inventory and documentation
  • Training users and operators
  • Monitoring use and performance
  • Preventive maintenance
  • Regular maintenance
  • Replacement and/or disposal

Understanding these different stages will provide a comprehensive and highly effective way of management of medical equipment in order to provide "top-quality" patient care. [2]


  1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Life Cycle Assessment: Principles and Practice [1]
  2. Dyro, Joeseph. F. Clinical engineering handbook. Academic Press, 2004. pg. 109.


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