4 phases of emergency management

The Emergency Management functions that is one of seven primary plans involved with the Environment of Care. The Emergency Preparedness Plan is designed in order to establish procedures by which the institution can respond in an informed and organized manner to any situation or event that may occur, which has the potential to disrupt normal activities. These events can be either internal or external, and include natural disasters, severe weather, industrial accidents, utility systems failures, or weapon of mass destruction incidents. The plan is based on a hazard vulnerability analysis, which is evaluated and up.dated annually. This plan is designed to be a general guideline for responsibilities and duties to be implemented by the institution in the event of a catastrophe.

The four phases of emergency management are:

  • Mitigation. Mitigation is the actions taken to lessen the severity and impact emergency situations would have on routine operations.
  • Preparedness. Preparedness includes all activities undertaken to ensure facilities have the necessary resources available to effectively respond to an incident.
  • Response. Response activities are the actions undertaken during actual emergencies or simulated events (drills).
  • Recovery. Recovery activities are the actions that are taken to return the facility to normal operations.

Plans that are developed for external and internal emergency situations are included as tabbed annexes:

1. Bioterrorism
2. Bomb Threat
3. Civil Disturbance
4. Communications Failure
5. Electrical Power Failure
6. Natural Disasters

Healthcare Facilities are expected to develop and maintain an emergency plan, such a current phone recall list.


The Emergency Management Institute (EMI) serves as the national focal point for the development and delivery of emergency management training to enhance the capabilities of federal, state, local, and tribal government officials, volunteer organizations, and the public and private sectors to minimize the impact of disasters.

The author recommend the following EMI courses[1]

  • IS-100.HCb - Introduction to the Incident Command System (ICS 100) for Healthcare/Hospitals.
  • IS-704 NIMS Communications and Information Management.
  • IS-100.b - Introduction to Incident Command System, ICS-100
  • IS-35.12 - FEMA Safety Orientation 2012

There are more courses but this should get you started in your new role as an emergency disaster and preparedness manager.


  1. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Training Programs. 2 Feb 2012|FEMA




NIMS Introduction to the National Incident Management Syste

Intro to the National Incident Management System