100-Component video RCA

Three cables, each with RCA plugs at both ends, are often used to carry analog component video


A Component video is a video signal that has been split into two or more components. In popular use, it refers to a type of analog video information that is transmitted or stored as three separate signals. Component video can be contrasted with composite video (NTSC, PAL or SECAM) in which all the video information is combined into a single line-level signal. Like composite, component video cables do not carry audio and are often paired with audio cables.

When used without any other qualifications the term component video generally refers to analog YPbPr component video with sync on luma.

analog component video[]

100Component video jack

Component video out

Further types of component analog video signals do not use R, G, and B components but rather a colorless component, termed luma, combined with one or more color-carrying components, termed chroma, that give only color information. Both the S-Video component video output (two separate signals) and the YPbPr component video output (three separate signals) seen on DVD players are examples of this method.

Converting video into luma and chroma allows for chroma subsampling, a method used by JPEG images and DVD players to reduce the storage requirements for images and video. The YPbPr scheme is usually what is meant when people talk of component video today. Many consumer DVD players, high-definition displays, video projectors and the like, use this form of color coding.

These connections are commonly and mistakenly labeled with terms like "YUV", "Y/R-Y/B-Y" and Y, B-Y, R-Y. This is inaccurate since YUV, YPbPr, and Y B-Y R-Y differ in their scale factors.[4]

When used for connecting a video source to a video display where both support 4:3 and 16:9 display formats, the PAL television standard provides for signaling pulses that will automatically switch the display from one format to the other.